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This website is Copyright © by Dinesh Bishnoi. All Rights Reserved.

Physical Reprints (Paper Publishing)

If you are interested in publishing a physical reprint that is printed on paper (for example, a printed book or brochure or a set of handouts for a course), then you have permission to do so for free as follows:

If it is a publication for a non-profit organization, then you have my permission to reprint up to 2 pages from this website If it is a publication for a for-profit organization, then you have my permission to reprint up to 0 pages from this website

In this list, the term "page" refers to Web pages (HTML files with embedded pictures) and not the number of printed pages needed to reproduce an article.

These physical reprints are permitted under the condition that you include the URL for each original Web page.

Note that the permission to reprint a number of my Web pages for free only applies to physical versions of your publications. If they have an online version, then please do not reproduce my articles there. Instead, simply link to the original pages on

Special rule for CD-ROMs etc.: If you are manufacturing physical data storage media like floppy disks, CD-ROMs, DVDs, etc., then you can treat them as a physical reprint and include the allowed number of Web pages according to the list above if and only if you are not making the content of this physical storage medium accessible over a computer network. (A typical example that's OK would be to produce a CD-ROM with the full text of a book as long as the CD is only distributed with the physical book.)

Physical reprints that involve a larger number of my Web pages are only allowed with explicit permission which will involve a license fee of $450 per article.

Electronic and Online Reproduction

I do not permit other websites to copy my articles without paying a license fee. If you are interested in referring your readers to one or more of my articles, then simply use a hypertext link to the original article stored on Since I am committed to fighting linkrot, the URL will always remain the same (at least as long as URLs are supported on the Internet, which I expect to be for a very long time). Thus, you can safely link to any of my articles.

Rights to copy my articles onto your own site are available for a license fee of $450 per article.

Linking to

I am sometimes asked whether I will permit other websites to link to pages on The answer is yes, and there is no reason to fill up my email with messages asking permission to link. Links are the foundation of the Web and you are welcome to link to as many articles as you want on my site.

Copying Style Sheets and Artwork

You are not welcome to copy my CSS style sheet . If you want to use these design elements on your own site, it is not allowed.

Other artwork cannot be copied without special permission, though I will often grant this if you want to use a single figure.

Fair Use Quotes

Finally, the fair use clause obviously applies to this website: thus, if you are writing a review or commentary about, you are free to illustrate your review or commentary with one or more screenshots of the site without special permission.

Also, you can quote a few words or lines from any of my published articles without special permission.

Even though there is no rule that requires this, it would be nice if any quote was supplemented by a link to the full article on so that any interested readers can retrieve the original context from which the quote was pulled.

Translation Rights

Translations are only allowed after paying a license fee which currently is $450 per article. Conditions applies.